One fateful day in the year 1822, Gregor Mendel, the Father of Genetics, is born! Founder of the science, genetics, Mendel gained his fame, posthumously. Bummer.
His experimented on plant hybridization led him to create the Mendelian inheritance (Individual possesses a pair of alleles; one of a number of alternative forms of the same gene, containing two complete sets of chromosomes, one from each parent), the two laws are called the Law of Segregation and the Law of Independent Assortment.
He published a paper “Experiments on Plant Hybridization” which received favorable reviews. Unfortunately missing the eyes of Darwin, the paper was unnoticed for approximately thirty-five years. After being rejected at first, Mendel’s work not widely accepted until after he died.
“It was not until the early 20th century that the importance of Mendel’s ideas was realized. During his own lifetime, most biologists held the idea that all characteristics were passed to the next generation through blending inheritance, in which the traits from each parent are averaged together. Instances of this phenomenon are now explained by the action of multiple genes with quantitative effects. Charles Darwin tried unsuccessfully to explain inheritance through a theory of pangenesis.”